Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is plagiarism, and what will constitute plagiarism?

    D. Mawdsley, in an article Academic Misconduct: Cheating and Plagiarism, 1994 (Topeka: NOLPE) defined plagiarism as follows:

    “Plagiarism: This consists of offering as one’s own work the words, ideas or arguments of another person, without appropriate attribution by quotation, reference or footnote".

    Plagiarism occurs both when the words of another are reproduced without acknowledgement, and when the ideas or arguments of another are paraphrased in such a way as to lead the reader to believe that they originated with the writer

  • How much study material, which includes but are not limited to articles, journals etc, may a lecturer duplicate for students and may the lecturer recover the cost incurred in duplicating the material?
  • Is there an obligation on a staff member to report a student who attends class with a duplicated text book?
  • Who is the author/owner of a work created by a student during his studies and who is the author/owner of a work created by a staff member?
  • A Department of the University intends to conduct a student evaluation course at the coast. The study material will be contained in 10 files, but the contents contain copies of photographs that will be used for the evaluation. The files will be provided to the students for the evaluation and will then be given back by the student to the lecturer for assessment. The question therefore arises, may the photographs be duplicated, and are royalties applicable?
  • What are the stipulations of the Act about case studies and specifically: - May we copy them from a prescribed book and attached it to an exam paper/ study guide
  • We have various videos in our libraries that cannot be used because the institution does not have sufficient numbers of video machines anymore available. May we copy these videos to DVD’s and make use of them?”
  • How does copyright work with respect to the World Wide Web?
  • Can I duplicate a musical CD as backup?
  • How do lecturers go about arranging permission to have copies of the papers that they have written placed on a personal website or repository as a form of self-archiving?
  • Do lecturers know about alternative copyright licensing such as Creative Commons Licensing and who advises them on using these new licenses?
  • I want each of my students to copy for themselves an article from a journal. Can I put a photocopy of the article on the reserve shelf in the library for each student to photocopy under ‘fair dealings’?
  • What is DALRO and how does it get the right of reproduction?
  • May I freely photocopy from a book that is out of print?
  • May I enlarge and photocopy a map, picture or diagram and stick it on the wall of my classroom?
  • May I photocopy a cartoon, ‘tippex’ out the words in the bubbles, and ask pupils to insert their own words?
  • What must I do when I need to photocopy more than is allowed by the Copyright Act and Regulations?
  • If I want to use newspaper articles as examples in my News Writing class, must I ask for copyright clearance?

For information on plagiarism, please visit